Chapter 12 Lecture Outline


12.2 Types of Solutions and Solubility

  1. Ion-Dipole Interactions ( internet© Saunders, 1997)
  2. Dipole-Dipole Interactions ( internet© Saunders, 1997)
  3. Dipole-Induced Dipole Interactions ( internet© Saunders, 1997)
  4. Induced Dipole-Induced Dipole Atomic View( internet© Saunders, 1997)
  5. Induced Dipole-Induced Dipole I2 Macro Scale(< internet© Saunders, 1997)

12.3 Energetics of Solution Formation


12.4 Solution Equilibrium and Factors Affecting Solubility

  1. Unsaturated (internet© Saunders, 1997)
  2. Saturated (internet © Saunders, 1997)
  3. Supersaturated(internet© Saunders, 1997)
  4. Liquids in Liquids. Like Dissolves Like.
  5. Gases in Liquids. Henry's Law Sg = kH Pg

12.5 Units of Concentration

  1. Definitions
    1. Solute
    2. Solvent
    3. Solution
    4. Amount in; mole, mass, or volume
  2. Molarity (molesolute/litersolution)
  3. Molality (molesolute/kgsolvent)
  4. Mole Fraction (molesolute/molesolution)
  5. Weight Percent (masssolute/masssolution x 100)
  6. Parts per million by mass (masssolute/masssolution x 106)

12.6 Colligative Properties

  1. Raoult's Law
    1. Psolvent = Xsolvent Posolvent
    2. Vapor Pressure of liquid (internet© Saunders, 1997)
    3. Vapor Pressure of solution (internet© Saunders, 1997)

  2. Boiling Point Elevation/Freezing Point Depression
    1. [delta] Tbp = Kbp * m
    2. [delta] Tfp = Kfp * m
    3. Freezing Liquid (internet© Saunders, 1997)
    4. Freezing Solution (internet© Saunders, 1997)

  3. Osmotic pressure
    1. [Pi] = c R T (c in moles liter-1)
    2. Micro Scale view of Osmosis (internet© Saunders, 1997)
    3. Macro scale view of Osmosis (internet© Saunders, 1997)

12.7 Colligative Properties of Strong Electrolyte Solutions

Colligative Properties Exercise
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