Chapter 15 Outline

15.1 Heartburn

15.2 The Nature of Acids and Bases

15.3 Definitions of Acids and Bases

We will focus on the Bronstead-Lowry definition. In this definition acids and bases come in pairs, the acid donates the proton and the base accepts the proton.

15.4 Acid Strength and the Acid Ionization Constant (Ka)

15.5 Autoionization of Water and pH

The water equlibrium is always present in any aqueous solution. We will use it to solve almost every problem in this chapter.

15.6 Finding the [H3O+] and pH of Strong and Weak Acid Solutions

Find [H3O+] using the chemical reactions, strong acids react completely and weak acids have an equlibrium system. Then solve for pH.

15.7 Base Solutions

Strong bases are metal hydroxides, they dissociate and form hydroxide ion in solution. Other bases act as a proton acceptor.

15.8 The Acid-Base Properties of Ions and Salts

Soluble salts start by dissociating completely in water. But if one of the ions is the conjugate base of a weak acid, this will create an equlibrium system that you will need to solve.

15.9 Acid Strength and Molecular Structure

15.10 Lewis Acids and Bases

We will not read this section.
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