Chapter 15 Outline
15.2 The Nature of Acids and Bases
15.3 Definitions of Acids and Bases
We will focus on the Bronstead-Lowry definition. In this definition acids and bases come in pairs, the acid donates the proton and the base accepts the proton.
15.4 Acid Strength and the Acid Ionization Constant (Ka)
15.5 Autoionization of Water and pH
The water equlibrium is always present in any aqueous solution. We will use it to solve almost every problem in this chapter.
15.6 Finding the [H3O+] and pH of Strong and Weak Acid Solutions
Find [H3O+] using the chemical reactions, strong acids react completely and weak acids have an equlibrium system. Then solve for pH.
15.7 Base Solutions
Strong bases are metal hydroxides, they dissociate and form hydroxide ion in solution. Other bases act as a proton acceptor.
15.8 The Acid-Base Properties of Ions and Salts
Soluble salts start by dissociating completely in water. But if one of the ions is the conjugate base of a weak acid, this will create an equlibrium system that you will need to solve.
15.9 Acid Strength and Molecular Structure
15.10 Lewis Acids and Bases
We will not read this section.
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